Introduction || Rules to Collect Insects.
Rules to Collect Insects
Information for beginners collecting insects. Fact why longing for collecting something appears is not clearly realized. However, it is possible, that this passion originates in the bottom of our instinct for exploring an environment. The collecting may be considered as a first step to investigate an environment for survival. Collecting any objects, which are similar to each other with some features but differ with some details, a person gives names to them, analyzes and systematizes them, and finds relations between them which are not evident for superficial glance.
Each Specimen is Scientific Information!
During collecting, remember that not only specimen aspect has scientific information. Place of collecting, date of collecting, from what (or from whom) collecting this specimen (from plant, on ground, under ground, etc.) are also important scientific data. If this specimen was obtained from caterpillar (larva), from pupa, or even as parasite from insect-host, this fact is also needed to be indicated in a label which is attached to trophy.
Collect and Preserve!
Many manuals describe how to install, spread, and preserve collection in details. There needs briefly to say the following. Insects are collected with some methods: lift nets (diameter of more than 200 mm, and round bottom of bag, not a triangle), various traps, with lamp at night, etc. Collected material must be killed in a killing bottle (any glass jar with wide neck and sealing cork) with vapor of benzene or diethyl ether. Then killed specimens are either installed, either placed on small cotton mattress in paper envelope. You need special entomological pins. You have not a possibility to buy these pins, you may make them. Take two pliers and bee-keeping wire (for bee-keeping frames). Hold wire with pliers over fire and stretch it unless the wire is broken. The broken ends of wire will be pointed and firm. Cut them about 4-5 cm, and two pins are ready. Head for pin is not necessary. Butterflies are pinned in the center of thorax, beetles are pinned in the upper one third of right sheath, bugs with big scutellum are pinned in center of the scutellum, etc. Pinned and installed insects should be placed in box with tight cover, because various small beetles (you can see on the right side photo) will eat your "bio-treasure" with pleasure, and your trophy will be moldered away.
Although, the collection of insects is convenient to be shown your friends or to be secretly admired, nevertheless, the living objects are more interest for observation. For example, you may raise butterflies from caterpillars or ova. See "How to raise butterfly".